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On 10/28/2011 6:54:32 PM UTC an earthquake of magnitude 6.9 and depth 15km has struck an highly populated area in the Ica Province (population: 0.5 million) in Peru. GDACS estimates the likelihood for need of international humanitarian intervention to be medium (Orange alert).
It is likely that a tsunami was generated. The maximum tsunami wave height near the coast of Faro del Infiernillo will be 0.58m. Please refer to the GDACS tsunami report for more details.
This earthquake can have a medium humanitarian impact since the affected region is highly populated and has medium resilience for natural disasters.
The nearest populated places are Callango (16km), Chiquenillo (17km). It is a mountainous region with a maximum altitude of 4028 m.
This report was automatically updated by a computer on: 10/28/2011 7:04:02 PM UTC (9 minutes after the event)
Explanation of alert calculation: Show
Characteristics for this report
Previous reports for this earthquake.
The population in the area of this earthquake if 18 people/km?. (Data source).
The earthquake occurred at 13h local time. At this time a day, more people are at work and therefore more vulnerable to collapsing office buildings. During traffic hours, people can be affected by collapsing bridges and other road infrastructure.
|Radius (km)||Population||Density (people/km?)|
The affected region has low level of urban area (0%) and a low level of cultivated area (0.3%). In urban areas more damage can be expected than in cultivated or natural areas. (Data source)
|Radius (km)||urban areas||cultivated areas||other|
Resilience is the capacity of the population to cope with a hazard. Since much of investments in earthquake preparedness and available funds for quick response is related to household income, the GDP per capita can be used as a rough indicator of resilience.
Peru has a GDP per capita of 2345 PPP$ (Parity Purchasing Power Dollar, about 1 Euro) and is therefore part of the medium level income countries. Therefore, the earthquake happened in an area of medium resilience.
Based on the combination of 9 indicators, ECHO attributes Peru a medium vulnerability.
|ECHO Intervention Priority Ranking for Peru|
|Exposure to Major Disasters|
|Humanitarian effects of population movement|
|Refugees and IDPs|
|Health of children under five|
|Other vulnerability factors|
|Access to health care|
|Prevalence of HIV, TBC and malaria|
|Gender-specific Human Development|
Key: Bad - Medium - Good - No data
Both conditions for survival and conditions for delivering aid strongly depend on the current weather and temperature. The following graphs show the current and forecast weather.
Current weather conditions and forecasts at earthquake location (lat: -14.5 - long: -75.8) (Data source).
More detailed observations at closest weather station (Pisco): WeatherByWeb - NOAA
Landslides: The maximum slope in the area of the earthquake is 51.821% and the maximum altitude is 4028 m. Since this is a medium slope, the risk of earthquake induced landslides is medium. Note, however, that the slope data is not reliable on a local scale, while landslides depend very much on local topography, soil and meteorological conditions. More...
Tsunami: the JRC tsunami wave propagation models indicated a unknown likelihood for a destructive tsunami. However, this probability must be confirmed by oceanographic measurements or observations. See full report.
The following critical infrastructure is nearby and could be affected by the earthquake:
The distance to nuclear installations is evaluated based on a 1999 UN dataset containing the location of nuclear plants in the world. If plants are near and the earthquake magnitude is above 6.5, the alert is set to orange. Note that the location of plants is approximate with errors of up to 100km.
The nearest civilian airport (Pisco) is at 95km from the epicenter. Other airports are: Yauca (184km), San Juan De Marcona (119km), Nazca (99km), Pisco (95km)
Ports nearby are: San Juan (118km), San Nicolas (105km), General San Martin (94km), Pisco (98km), Tambo De Mora (123km), Puerto De Cerro Azul (178km)
While we try everything to ensure accuracy, this information is purely indicative and should not be used for any decision making without alternate sources of information. The JRC is not responsible for any damage or loss resulting from the use of the information presented on this website.
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